1) PHI-Nets: Access protein network resouces for download

2) PHI-Canto: Access the multi-species Community Curation Project

3) PHIPO: Access the pathogen-host interactions phenotype ontology


Principal Investigator

Rothamsted Research, UK
Kim Hammond-Kosack
Database manager

Rothamsted Research, UK
Martin Urban
Database development

Molecular Connections, IN
Vidyendra Sadanadan
Lokanath Khamari
Santoshkumar Billal

Multi-species Community Annotation Tool (CANTO)
Kim Rutherford, University of Cambridge, UK
Barnaby Norman, Rothamsted Research
James Seager, Rothamsted Research

Database Curation

Rothamsted Research, UK
Alayne Cuzick,
Martin Urban

Molecular Connections, IN
Shilpa Yagwakote Venkatesh,
Arathi Ragunath
Species experts

The following people have contributed and checked entries in previous versions of PHI-base:

  • Roland Krause, Max-Planck-Institute for Molecular Genetics, Germany - Virulence factors from Salmonella
  • Hilde Hansen, University of Tromsø, Norway - Virulence factors from Vibrios
  • The FRAC team ( - Anti-fungal drug target sites
  • Magdalen Lindeberg, Cornell University, USA - Pseudomonas virulence factors
  • Jason Rudd, Rothamsted Research, UK - Virulence factors Zymoseptoria tritici
  • Chris Ridout, John Innes Centre, UK - Effector genes Blumeria species
  • Jan Schirawski, Max-Planck-Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Marburg, Germany - Secreted virulence factors, Ustilago maydis
  • Paul Tudzynski, Institut fuer Botanik, Münster, Germany - Virulence factors - Claviceps purpurea
  • Jan van Kan, Wageningen University Plant Sciences, The Netherlands - Virulence factors, Botrytis cinerea
  • Barry Scott, Institute of Molecular Biosciences, Massey University, New Zealand - Epichloe species
  • Alexander Idnurm, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA - Virulence factors, Cryptococcus species

Contributors and former members

  • Chris Rawlings, Rothamsted Research, UK, - Database development
  • Alistair Irvine, Rothamsted Research, UK, - Database development, 2014 - 2016
  • Jacek Grzebyta, Rothamsted Research, UK, - Database development
  • Mansoor Saqi, Rothamsted Research, UK, - Database development
  • Jan Taubert, EBI, Hinxton, UK, - Database development
  • Jacob Köhler, Rothamsted Research, UK & University of Tromsø, Norway - Database development
  • Rainer Winnenburg, BIOTEC, University of Technology, Dresden, Germany - Database development
  • Thomas Baldwin, Rothamsted Research, UK - Fungal and Oomycete virulence factors
  • Sabrina Holland, University of Mainz, Germany - Fungal and Oomycete virulence factors
  • Andrew Beacham, Rothamsted Research, UK - Fungal and Oomycete virulence factors
  • Neil Brown, Rothamsted Research, UK - Fungal and Oomycete virulence factors


The PHI-base consortium welcomes suggestions for new database entries, additional detail and new functionality. Contributors will also be acknowledged either as co-authors or in the acknowledgment section of publications on PHI-base.

For general information, questions concerning the content of PHI-base and technical support please get in touch at

Version: 4.17 release - Last revision: 01/05/2024

PHI-base is funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC, UK) and is being developed and maintained by scientists at Rothamsted Research.
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